Theory of Arch and Urban Form I
The aim of this course is to understand the reflections of the 20th C. social, economic and political movements within the scope of modern Architecture. It aims also to explore the developments that followed the 19th C. and industrial revolution into the 20th C. theories of Modern Architecture and its rising to set global trends in the design or buildings and cities. The course provides a detailed insight into the classification of different architectural movements and their pioneers, as well as the essential characteristics of “Modernism” and its different phases. A detailed introduction to the history of modern architecture from its intellectual and artistic origins in the nineteenth century the course proceeds to cover the emergence of technological, theoretical and aesthetic principles of modern design beginning with the socio-cultural impact of industrialization through innovations in materials (iron and glass) and new functions. Based on an understanding of the seminal views that shaped the Modernist era, those world trends were subjected to regional interpretations including the Egyptian experience led by national pioneer architects.
1. Demonstrate a systematic understanding of the economic, environmental, political, social and technological influences which relate to ARCHITECTURAL field.
2. Building a base for on a close reading of selected buildings and texts both by prominent and less prominent figures of the late 19th – 20th century movement and its aftermath. Special emphasis is given to the historiography and the history of reception of modern architecture, as well as the cultural, aesthetic and scientific theories that have informed modern architectural debates, including organicism, vitalism, functionalism, structuralism, historicism and their opposites
3. Recognize the fundamental concepts of modernity and recall sufficient knowledge of the architecture of modernity in twentieth century
4. Review significant building types in cultural, technological, aesthetics and socio-political contexts
5. Classify analytical, developmental, legal, managerial and technical principles that relate to
PREMODERN , MODERN ARCHITECTURE.
6. Develop the academic abilities and personal characteristics required to solve problems relevant to ARCHITECTURE and critically assess relevant aspects of the industry.
7. Have an opportunity to put theory into practice via study of significant texts and buildings of the present and recent past.
8. Discuss acquired knowledge of history, theories, movements and manifestos of the architecture of the twentieth century
9. Demonstrate an ability to initiate and sustain in-depth research relevant to PRE –MODERN , MODERN ARCHITECTURE.
10. Explain the design criteria applicable to late 19th - 20th century architecture in their relation to major events
11. Have an appropriate balance between the vocational skills necessary for immediate employment in ARCHITECTURAL field and the more fundamental principles necessary for further study.
12. Build a professional attitude and develop skills relation to communication, teamwork, project planning and management, and responsibility for individual learning.
13. Report and conduct individual research and develop analytical skills in writing essays on selected buildings, theory and history, using appropriate conventions of research and writing.
14.Demonstrate theoretical knowledge and have practical skills and personal attributes and
competencies that will be required for ARCHITECT position in the ARCHITECTURE industry